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Abstract            Volume:10  Issue-9  Year-2022         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Habitat Association and Distribution of Common Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Gassi and Haro Abo Dikko controlled Hunting Areas, Western Ethiopia
Alemayehu Edossa1*, Afework Bekele2 and Habte Jebessa Debella2
1Department of Biology, Adama Science and Technology University, PO Box 1888, Adama, Ethiopia
2Department of Zoological sciences, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

The study was conducted to identify habitat types common warthog population used and to assess their distribution in Dabena Valley Forest, in Gassi Controlled Area (GCHA) and Haro Aba Diko Controlled Hunting Area (HADCHA) of Western Ethiopia from May 2018 to June 2019. Data of common warthog population were collected through direct observations from the established transect lines from each habitat type. During the wet season, a total of 56 (6.2%) and 164 (18.2%) common warthog populations occurred in Combretum–Terminalia habitat of GCHA and HADCHA, respectively. However, they were insignificantly different (χ2 = 2.21, df = 1, P = 0.067). Riparian forest comprised more population estimates of common warthog in HADCHA (124 (CV= 52%) with a 95% CI of (133–115) than in GCHA (28 (CV= 83%) with a 95% CI of (26–30) during the wet season. Common warthog cluster density of Combretum–Terminalia was lower in GCHA (2.24/km2) with a 95% CI of (2.4–2.08) and higher in HADCHA (5.34 /km2) with a 95% CI of (5.72–4.96) during the dry season. Common warthog encounter rate recorded in open grassland in GCHA and HADCHA revealed significant variation (χ2 = 7.78, df = 1, P = 0.053) during the wet season and insignificant difference (χ2 = 2.61, df = 1, P = 0.071) during the dry season. Hence, the distribution of common warthog population in both study areas were associated with three vegetation zones along a transect line running from Combretum–Terminalia woodland into a grazing land in different degree.

Keywords: Combretum–Terminalia, common warthog, density, encounter rate, riparian forest.
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How to cite this article:

Alemayehu Edossa, Afework Bekele and Habte Jebessa Debella. 2022. Habitat Association and Distribution of Common Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Gassi and Haro Abo Dikko controlled Hunting Areas, Western Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 10(9): 37-51
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2022.1009.005
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.