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Abstract            Volume:10  Issue-2  Year-2022         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Adaptability Study of Released Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National State, Ethiopia
Fantahun Adugna* and Shanene Haile
Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mechara agricultural research center, P.O.Box.19, Mechara Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an annual crop and one of the important oil crops of the world. The experiment was conducted at Daro lebu district (on Milqaye FTC), and Mieso district (Melkasa sub site) in 2018 main cropping season. The objective of the study was to evaluate and select well adapted sesame varieties with high yielder and resistant to major insect pest and disease in west Hararghe Zone. The treatments involved were six released sesame varieties and one standard check (Adi) was used for this study. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications and the plot size was 2.4m X 3m areas which contain six rows of sesame in spacing of 40cm X 10cm between rows and plants respectively. Each variety was sown at seed rate of 5 kg ha–1 by row planting without any fertilizer application. The result from combined mean analysis of variance revealed that significant (P<0.05) difference among varieties for days to flowering, days to maturity, disease score, number of seed per capsule, thousand seed weight and grain yield across location. However, statistically non-significance difference shown on plant height, pest score, and number of capsule per plant among tested varieties. The grain yields of tested varieties were ranged from 392kg ha–1 (Abasena) to 591kg ha–1 (Bha Necho). The variety Bha Necho was recorded superior grain yield 5.91qt/ha followed by variety Bha Zeyit 570kg ha-1 among tested varieties. The combined mean grain yield of Bha Necho and Bha Zeyit varieties were 48.7% & 41.8% yield advantage over standard check (Adi), respectively. Therefore, these two varieties were selected and recommended for further demonstration to study area and similar agro ecologies.

Keywords: Adaptation, Sesame, Yield, Varieties.
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How to cite this article:

Fantahun Adugna and Shanene Haile. 2022. Adaptability Study of Released Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National State, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 10(2): 85-91
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2022.1002.009
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.