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Abstract            Volume:5  Issue-5  Year-2017         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Low Back Pain among Auto-Rickshaw Drivers in Urban Kolkata, India
Shabnam Agarwal*, Anwesh Pradhan, GargiRay Chaudhuri and SoumitraDas
Nopany Institute of Healthcare Studies, Chief Physiotherapist, Belle Vue Clinic, Kolkata, India
*Corresponding author

Auto rickshaw drivers are prone to Low Back Pain (LBP) due to occupational exposure. But LBP among auto-rickshaw drivers have hardly been studied. The drivers work long durations in strenuous postures and seat themselves often with one-two passengers in front. The present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of LBP in auto-rickshaw drivers of Kolkata.500 auto-rickshaw drivers were randomly surveyed in auto-stands of various parts of Kolkata. A Nordic Pain questionnaire was used to determine prevalence, the 101 Numerical Pain Rating Scale measured current pain intensity and the Oswestry Disability Index evaluated disability due to LBP. Risk factors included age, height, BMI, socio-demographic and occupational details, shoulder to handle distance, knee to break distance, pain intensity, vibration and posture during driving. The Ovako Working postural Analysis System (OWAS) was used to analyze the posture during driving and a Vibrometer was used to analyze the vibration. Logistic regression analysis was performed to ascertain the association of risk factors with LBP. A Pearson’s chi square test was performed to determine the association between two categorical variables. The 12 months prevalence of LBP was 79.8% and 7 days point prevalence was 36%. Forward bent and twisted sitting posture (OWAS action level 2) was significantly associated with LBP.

Keywords: Auto-rickshaw, Drivers, Kolkata, Low back pain, Occupational low back pain, OWAS, Prevalence, Risk factors, Posture while driving.
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How to cite this article:

ShabnamAgarwal, Anwesh Pradhan, GargiRayChaudhuri, SoumitraDas. 2017. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Low Back Pain among Auto-Rickshaw Drivers in Urban Kolkata.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 5(5): 85-92
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2017.505.011
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.