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Abstract                 Volume:5  Issue-5  Year-2017          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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Crop Establishment Method and Irrigation Schedule Effect on Water Productivity, Economics and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestiuvm L)
Vipin Kumar Sagar1, R.K. Naresh1*, Vivak Kumar2, Satendra Kumar3, Saurabh Tyagi1, Vineet Kumar4, Sunil Kumar4, Nihal Chandra Mahajan1, Arun Kumar1, Vikrant Singh5,
S.P. Singh3 and R.C. Rathi6
1Department of Agronomy;
2Department of Agricultural Engineering;
3Department of Soil Science;
6K.V.K.Beghra Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
4Indian Institute of Farming System Research, Modipuram-Meerut-250110, U.P., India
5Directorate of Sugarcane Development, Aliganj, Lucknow- 226024 (U.P)
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Field study was conducted at Crop Research Centre of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agri. & Tech. Meerut, Uttar Pradesh during 2014-16 in a split plot design having three replications. Six land configuration systems B1- 75 cm bed, 2 rows (B75–2); B2-, 75 cm bed, 3 rows (B75–3); B3- 90 cm bed, 2 rows (B90–2); B4- 90 cm bed, 3 rows (B90–3), B5- 90 cm bed, 4 rows (B90–4); B6- Flat planting , rows 22.5 cm apart were laid out in main plots whereas the subplots were three irrigation schedule practices such as I1- 4 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 0.8; I2- 5 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 1.0; I3- 6 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 1.2. The objective of the study was to examine the treatment effects on water productivity, yield and profitability of wheat crop. Results showed that the grain yield (46.52; 47.63 and 44.01 and 44.88 q ha-1), straw (60.57; 61.55 and 59.94; 102.75 q ha-1) biological yield (107.09; 109.40 and 102.75; 104.82 q ha-1) and harvest index (43.39; 43.49 and 42.53; 42.77) were significantly higher in B90–4 and 4 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 0.8 during both the year of study. Physiological traits, yield attributes and yields were significantly influenced by land configuration and irrigation practices. In land configuration systems, B90–4 and 4 cm irrigation at IW/CPE 1.2 displayed significantly higher water use efficiency (2.53; 2.51 and 2.19; 2.18 kg m-3) compared with other treatments. However irrigation schedules × land configuration interaction was significant for yield attributes grain, straw and biological yield. The higher net return of Rs. 57805 and Rs. 61363ha-1 and B: C ratio 2.08 and 2.14 registered in B90-4 treatment. As well as irrigation schedule with IW/CPE 0.8 (I1) recorded more net return Rs.53762 and Rs. 57059 ha-1 and B: C ratio 1.89 and 1.94 than other treatments. The crop planted on 90 cm beds with 4 rows on the top of the bed and IW/CPE 0.8 is important in the Typic Ustochrept soil to achieve sustainable increase in wheat production to meet future demand while conserving natural resources, especially irrigation water and reducing the negative effects on the environment.

Keywords: Land configuration, irrigation schedule, IW/CPE, water productivity.
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How to cite this article:

Vipin Kumar Sagar, R.K. Naresh, Vivak Kumar, Satendra Kumar, Saurabh Tyagi, Vineet Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Nihal Chandra Mahajan, Arun Kumar, Vikrant Singh, S.P. Singh and R.C. Rathi. 2017. Crop Establishment Method and Irrigation Schedule Effect on Water Productivity, Economics and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestiuvm L).Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 5(5): 70-77
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2017.505.009