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Abstract            Volume:11  Issue-8  Year-2023         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Participatory Disease Surveillance in Dawe Sarar and Dawe Kechen Districts of East Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State
Abdissa Lemma*
Asella Regional Veterinary Laboratory, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

Diseases of small ruminants are one of the common problems that hinder production. One is Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), or small ruminant plague, is a viral disease primarily affecting goats and sheep. The objectives of the study were to prioritize the major diseases of sheep and goat in selected districts of oromia Regional state based on producers perception in participatory manner and to understand the status of PPR through PDS technique to enlighten further epidemiological study and future control endeavor. Two districts were selected from the zone (Dawesere and Dawekachen) and the selection of the PAs (the lowest administrative level in Ethiopia) in each district was determined in discussion with the district livestock offices. Participatory epidemiology techniques like Semi structured interviewing, Ranking and scoring, participatory mapping, proportional pilling and semi-structured interview and seasonal disease calendars were utilized. The major livestock species raised in Daweserer are cattle, Sheep, goats, Camels, donkeys, Bee and poultry and whereas, in Dawekechen are cattle, Sheep, goats, Camel, donkeys, Bee and poultry. The main constraints in livestock production discussed in respective districts were as follows: Drought, Diseases of animals, Shortage of grazing land (feed) and Water, Market problem, poor coverage of animal health service were the problems listed by informants that hindering their livestock productions. A disease like Albatii (PPR/Diarrhea), Marto (Coenorus cerebral), leydaa/Qndhoo (general symptom), Qawessa (Anthrux/wanadu), Saalaa, chittoo/Mange mites/ External parasites, Botote/Botorsa (Skin disease/Sheep and goats pox), Abdera/Deraba (orf), and Saallessa (gatachiisaa/ Brucellosis), somba/ \ccpp, Onkkobo/okkolchiisa/ maasa/ FMD, Shilmii/ Tick infestation, were discussed as a major problem of small ruminants production the Districts.

Keywords: Peste Des Petits Ruminants, Dawesere, Dawekechan, Asella, Small Ruminants.
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How to cite this article:

Abdissa Lemma. 2023. Participatory Disease Surveillance in Dawe Sarar and Dawe Kechen Districts of East Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 11(8): 4-19
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2023.1108.002
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.